ENERGY - INTERNAL MARKET
In 2018, around 34 million Europeans reported not being able to keep their homes adequately warm.
In 2019, 6.9% of the EU population could not heat their homes sufficiently.
The EU has long placed the accessibility of energy sources to the most deprived sections of the population at the center of its concerns.
Adequate heating and cheaper bills help improve citizens' general health conditions and improve their productivity when it comes to working environments.
This issue was identified as one of the political priorities in the Clean Energy for All Europeans package, adopted in 2019.
Member countries were asked to address energy poverty in a concrete and appropriate way, including by better protecting the most vulnerable energy consumers, especially those in remote areas.
Specifically, EU countries also have an obligation to assess the number of families in energy poverty and must establish and publish criteria to support this assessment.
The EU Observatory on Energy Poverty
Where EU countries identify significant numbers of energy-poor households, they must use their national energy and climate plans and long-term restructuring strategies to set an indicative target for energy poverty reduction, a relevant timetable and policies.
The Commission has presented a Recommendation on Energy Poverty (EU) 2020/1563, as part of the Energy Renovation Plan for Buildings. The higher the energy efficiency of buildings, the lower the energy consumption and the lower the bills.
This Recommendation also indicates how to measure energy poverty and gives the lines for the definition of "significant number of households in energy poverty".
The Recommendation also helps share best practices between Member States and identifies support available at EU level through a mix of funding sources that allows national, regional and local authorities to use their full financial power, including grants. and subsidized restructuring to limit upfront investments for the most vulnerable, among others.